Pre-heating in dairies
Pre-heating is typically used before further processing (e.g separation, culture adding, pasteurization, sterilization, evaporation) of intermediate milk products.
- Example flowsheet
Literature: Guide to Energy Efficiency Opportunities in the Dairy Processing Industry, National Dairy Council of Canada, June, 1997
- Typical parameters of the process
|Milk products||Temperature [°C]||Pressure (bar)||Heat ransfer medium||Residence Time||Details||Literature|
|Ice cream||30-40||BAT in Food, Drink and Milk Industries, June 2005 and Dairy science and technology, University of Guelph|